Sore throat is a painful, dry, and scratchy feeling in the throat. Pain or irritation in the throat is one of the most common symptoms. In most cases, sore throats are caused by infections and environmental factors like dry air. Sore throat, generally, can be discomforting, however, it goes away after a short period of time. Here is everything you should know about a sore throat.
Types of Sore Throat
There are different types of sore throats, which are usually based on the area or part of the throat they affect:
As the name suggests, this type of sore throat affects the area right behind the mouth. In fact, it is the most common of sore throat. It is usually caused by a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu.
Tonsillitis is swelling and redness of the tonsils. It is also a soft tissue, located in the back of the mouth.
Laryngitis, on the other hand, is a painful swelling, or inflammation, and redness of the larynx (also known as the voice box).
What Is the Symptom of Sore Throats?
As earlier, stated, the symptom of sore throat can vary, depending on what caused it. Some symptoms of sore throats may include scratchiness, dryness, tenderness, irritation, and rawness. Actually, you may feel more hurt when you talk or swallow something. Also, there are usually white patches or pus found on the tonsils. In some cases, you may experience other symptoms like; nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, coughing, fever, hoarse voice, body aches, headache, and even swollen glands in the neck.
What Are the Causes of Sore Throats?
Viral Infections Like Cold, And the Flu
Research has shown that viruses may cause about ninety percent of sore throat, which include; common cold, influenza (the flu), measles, chickenpox, mononucleosis, and mumps. While some of these infections are transmitted through saliva, some result in swelling of the salivary glands in the neck.
In most cases, the immune system reacts to allergy triggers like grass, pollen, and even pet dander. When this happens, the immune system releases chemicals that cause symptoms like nasal congestion, sneezing, throat irritation, and watery eyes.
This may suck moisture from the mouth and throat, which eventually leave them feeling scratchy and dry. This mostly happens during the dry season.
Irritants Like Smoke, And Chemicals
As a matter of fact, some of the many different chemicals and other substances in the environment can irritate the throat. Cigarettes, air pollution, and chemicals like cleaning products, are causes of sore throats.
Bacterial Infections Like Strep Throats
Strep throat is an infection of the throat caused by group A Streptococcus bacterium. According to research, nearly forty percent of sore throat cases in children are caused by the bacteria infection; strep throat. Also, tonsillitis, and some sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhea, chlamydia), can cause sore throat.
What Are the Remedies for Sore Throats?
Sore throats can be easily treated. You can call your doctor if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, especially if they look too serious. Also, there are some home remedies to relieve the pain of sore throats, which include; gargling with a mixture of warm water, and ½ to 1 teaspoon of salt, sucking a piece of hard candy, eating a cold treat like ice cream. Also, you can decide to rest your voice, until your throat feels better.