High blood pressure is also known as hypertension, which occurs when your blood pressure increases to an unhealthy level. High blood pressure is very common and has typically developed over the course of several years. In most cases, it causes damage to the blood vessels and organs (brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys). What other basic things do you know about high blood pressure? Below is everything you should know about high blood pressure, or hypertension.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The causes of high blood pressure are largely related to its types. The two basic types of high blood pressure include:
Primary High Blood Pressure
The primary high blood pressure develops over time, with no actual cause. In other words, the causes are usually not identifiable. This type of high blood pressure is usually experienced by most people. Although researchers are yet to figure out what causes blood pressure to slowly increase, some factors may play key roles in the causes of high blood pressure. Some of these factors include:
When something in your body changes, there is a possibility that you may start to experience issues, throughout your body. In such cases, high blood pressure may be one of those issues. For instance, there are some changes in your kidney function, dues to aging, which may eventually the body’s natural balance of fluid and salts. This change may lead to an increase in blood pressure.
Did you know that some people are genetically predisposed to high blood pressure? This usually comes from a gene mutation, genetic abnormalities inherited from parents.
Some lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. These are mostly unhealthy lifestyle choices like poor diet, and some physical activities, which eventually take a toll on your body.
Secondary High Blood Pressure
The secondary high blood pressure occurs faster than you imagine and is usually more severe than primary hypertension. Some of the things that may cause secondary high blood pressure include; alcohol abuse, use of illegal drugs, kidney disease, congenital heart defects, side effects of medications, certain endocrine tumors, obstructive sleep apnea, and so on.
What Are the Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?
People rarely experience symptoms of high blood pressure, which is why it is generalized as a silent condition. It usually takes a really long time for the condition to reach levels, severe enough for the symptoms to become obvious. Some of these severe symptoms of high blood pressure include; headaches, dizziness, chest pain, nosebleeds, visual changes, blood in the urine, and so on.
It is important to note that these symptoms may require immediate medical attention. The fact that they don’t occur in everyone, doesn’t mean you should wait for a symptom of the condition to appear. It could be dangerous.
The best thing to do, therefore, is to get regular blood pressure readings, especially if you are hypertensive. Also, you can visit your doctor for a checkup, especially if you have a family history of heart disease. Always remember that your health comes first.